FICO - Your Credit Score
Since we live in an computer-driven society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to just one number.
The FICO score is built by credit reporting agencies. These agencies use the payment history of all of your loans: credit cards, mortgages, car/boat loans and others.
Each of the three credit agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While these methods vary, each agency uses the following to build a score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many credit card accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe on them?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are weighted slightly differently depending on which formula the agency uses. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little by agency. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers these days have a score above 620.
FICO makes a big difference in interest rates
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Improving your score
Is it possible to raise your FICO score? Because the score is based on a lifetime of credit history, it is difficult to change it quickly. (Of course you must appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
Know your FICO score
To improve your FICO score, you must obtain the credit reports that are used to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as credit reports from all three credit reporting agencies. They also provide information and tools that can help you understand how to improve your credit score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from the three major credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is fast and very inexpensive.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about your credit score? Call us at (813) 200-7931.