How FICO Credit Scores Are Calculated
Since we live in an computer-driven society, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to just one number.
Credit reporting agencies use your payment history to compile this score.
TransUnion, Equifax, and Experian, the three major credit reporting agencies, each have a proprietary formula for building a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While these methods vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following to build your score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many credit card accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are weighted differently depending on the formula being used. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little from one agency to another. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most folks who want to get a mortgage in the current environment have a score above 620.
Your score affects your interest rate
Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I raise my FICO score?
What can you do about your FICO score? Very little in the short term. Despite what you hear from "credit repair" companies, the FICO score is calculated from your lifetime credit history, so it's not possible to raise it significantly in the short term. You must, of course, remove any incorrect data on your credit report, which is the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
Know your FICO score
Before you can improve your credit score, you must know your score and make sure that the credit reports from each credit reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with reports from all three credit reporting agencies. They also provide helpful information and online tools that can help you understand how to improve your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report every year from all three agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is quick and inexpensive.
Armed with this info, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your FICO score? Call us: (813) 200-7931.