Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to a single number.
This score is built by credit reporting agencies. They use the payment history from all of your loans: credit cards, mortgages, car loans and the like.
Each of the three credit reporting agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following to build a score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts? How much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. The result is a single number: your FICO score. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is better. Most home buyers probably find their FICO scores above 620.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I improve my FICO score?
What can you do to raise your FICO score? Unfortunately, not much. Since the score is entirely based on your lifelong credit history, it is hard to change it quickly. (Of course you can and should remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
Getting your credit score
To improve your credit score, you've got to have the credit reports that are used to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the corporation that invented the first FICO score, sells scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive to quickly get your FICO score from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are information and tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from the three major agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free credit score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this info, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Call us at (813) 200-7931.