Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Since we live in an automated world, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to just one number.
Credit reporting agencies use your payment history to create a FICO score.
Each of the three credit agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While the formulas vary, the differences aren't huge; all of the agencies use the following in calculating your credit score:
- Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many credit card accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are weighted slightly differently depending on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers in the current environment have a score above 620.
FICO makes a big difference in interest rates
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your FICO score
Is there any way to raise your FICO score? Despite what you hear from "credit repair" companies, the score is formulated from your lifetime credit history, so it's not possible to raise it significantly in the short term. (Of course you must remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
Getting your FICO score
To raise your FICO score, you must get the credit reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the company that offered the first FICO credit score, offers credit scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with credit reports from all three credit reporting agencies. Also available are helpful information and online tools that can help you understand how to improve your credit score.
You can get a free credit report every year from all three credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is quick and inexpensive.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about credit scores? Call us: (813) 200-7931.